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Rising special education costs are a concern for all types of school districts in New York State – urban, rural, suburban, wealthy and poor. In some districts instructional spending per pupil on students classified for special education services tops $40,000 per year. Onerous State mandates that far exceed federal requirements are costly. New York also relies on intensive service models, as reflected in the student-to-staff ratios for many special education job titles. Click here to see the ratios. Bending the special education cost curve in New York State will be a challenge but it is one that Governor Cuomo’s newly created Education Reform Commission will need to tackle as part of its comprehensive review. Click on the interactive charts below to see how special education enrollment and spending have grown since 2000-01 compared to general education spending and enrollment for all school districts in the State and for a select group of sample school districts.